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Wednesday, 22 February 2017

5 Things I've learned about OCD this week - #OCDWeekOfAction

This year, the 20th until the 26th of February is the "OCD week of Action". #OCDWeekOfAction is the hashtag being used online, with a focus on advocating for people with OCD and it's associated disorders, creating discussions around the subject, and encouraging those who may suspect that they have OCD to get formally diagnosed or seek treatment. As a way of joining in the conversation, and passing it on to those of you who enjoy my blog, I thought I'd do a quick post sharing five things I've learned about OCD this week, simply through researching online.

  • OCD is considered a disability under the Equality Act 2010, the definition of a disability in this context being:
"[having] a physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities e.g. using a telephone, reading a book or using public transport etc."

As such, a person with OCD is under no obligation to disclose this information to their employer if they don't feel comfortable doing so, and when applying for employment there are only very specific circumstances in which an employer can ask about your diagnosis, or any other health related questions.
(Source: OCD Action)

  • It is estimated that 1-2 per cent of the UK population has OCD. That's roughly up to 130,0000 people in the UK alone. (Source: OCD Action)
  • OCD can be treated with the use of CBT. Cognitive behavioural therapists view OCD as what happens when a person misinterprets intrusive thoughts as a sign that danger will occur if they do not adhere to their compulsions, and if danger does occur if they do not adhere to these compulsions then it is somehow their own fault. It is an anxiety disorder, and as such this form of therapy tries to disprove those catastrophic ideas, alleviate the anxiety surrounding them, and works with people to find ways to better manage their anxious compulsions and ignore their intrusive thoughts. (Source: OCD Action)
  • It was believed at one point that a number of conditions were linked as part of a spectrum of Obsessive Compulsive disorders. These included:
        • Body Dysmorphic Disorder
        • Compulsive Skin Picking
        • Tourette Syndrome
        • Trichotillomania.
        • Hoarding
However, it is now felt that these are all different conditions in their own right, with their being a common factor in all of them: they all involve, to some degree, the presence of repetitive thoughts, behaviours or urges. Hoarding can often be a compulsion driven by OCD also, so the two are connected in that regard. (Source: OCDUK)

  • As to whether OCD is inherited or brought on by outside forces, the answer seems to be a resounding: both. OCD involves neurotransmitters behaving abnormally in specific areas of the brain, most importantly serotonin, dopamine, and glutamine. Studies have shown that people can be born with a genetic predisposition to OCD, but it can also be brought on by highly stressful or traumatic events. (Source: Brainphysics)

Saturday, 18 February 2017

"Here comes a thought" - Steven Universe, and the impact of art tackling mental illness

All images in this post are the property of Rebecca Sugar and Cartoon Network

Steven Universe is one of my favourite pieces of television. I think it's inspired, I think it's beautifully drawn, and it tackles lofty subjects delicately enough for children to absorb and process, but obviously enough for it to resonate with adults. In some of its more recent episodes it's actually tackled the subject of mental health head on, more specifically anxiety and how it affects our relationships with ourselves and others.

The episode "Kiki's Pizza Delivery Service" in season 3 was all about the stress of being overworked, how some people have anxiety around the idea of saying no to people, fear of failure, fear of letting other's down, and the negative impact of bottling up emotions vs. how facing your fears and creating boundaries can be an act of self-care, all of this packaged in the character development of a young, black woman (my speculation is that the family is Ghanaian, simply because the dad's name is Kofi).

The episode talks about the importance of self-care, all the while giving an alternative spin on what black womanhood looks like in modern media. Not all of us are confident, and minority mental illness is real and frighteningly overlooked both in and outside of our own communities. I wonder how many introverted little black kids are growing up seeing themselves in Kiki, and seeing how important it is to look after themselves.

I want to talk more in depth, however, about an episode from the most recent season entitled "Mindful Education". If you know me or this blog well enough, I'm sure you know I fell in love with the title right away. However, I was expecting it to be some sort of pun, and not an actual episode dedicated to some of the ideas presented in mindfulness like meditation and allowing yourself to feel exactly what you're feeling in the present moment. I was stunned by how honest it was, how beautifully it illustrated what internal turmoil looks like and how we fall apart when we can't stop fighting within ourselves. Literal butterflies depicting that feeling of fear and panic, and how it can grow exponentially until it overwhelms.

I got emotional watching it, because I wish something like this had been available to me when I was younger.

When I was a teenager, I owned a book called The Boy with the Thorn in His Side, titled after the song by The Smiths. It was written by Pete Wentz, bassist of the band Fall out Boy, and in it he describes this feeling of what I can only assume was anxiety or panic. He described it as a feeling like "bird beaks and teeth", and that resonated me because it described exactly what I was feeling regularly at school and at home. It made me feel like I wasn't alone, wasn't exaggerating, and that this thing that made me feel like throwing up on the bus ride to school had some kind of name. I read that book countless times, because it made me feel like I was understood somehow..

This episode made me emotional because it made me happy. I got the feeling it's going to give sad, panicky kids like me solace in the fact that the characters they love on TV really understand how they're feeling, and not only that but they've been given tools to deal with those feelings that they might never be taught any other way.

Some schools, in recent years, have integrated mindfulness into their routines for younger children to see how meditation can improve focus and enjoyment in school. But even if you think the idea of children meditating is a silly one, there's still something to be said for teaching children to be comfortable with their own feelings, to take time out and feel sad, afraid, frustrated, and to understand what bad feelings are so they can grow as human beings.

It's not always easy to teach these slow processes to children, they want things quickly and to be immediately satisfied. But if the art they consume holds the same messages, from cartoons to film to music and anything else, the work becomes easier for the older people in their lives. And let's not forget all the older people that watch this show and feel that same resonance, that can see something they might deal with so regularly described in such an honest and beautiful way. I'm really grateful to Steven Universe, the writers and artists and everyone who comes together to create such an important show. They're doing good work.

Take a moment to think of just / Flexibility, love, and trust.